Did you know? Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disturbance that affects women in the age group of 15 to 30 years. The disorder accounts for 30 per cent of all infertility cases with 73 percent of women suffering from PCOS experiencing infertility due to anovulation. Modern medicine has been able to pinpoint a number of important factors indicating the disease determinants however the exact cause of the disease is unknown.

One of the key factors now being realized in modern medicine in relation to PCOS is hyperinsulinemia – increased levels of insulin in the blood. This indicates a direct link between obesity and PCOS as an increased level of insulin in the blood is due to de-sensitivity of cells to insulin, a factor present in diabetes mellitus type II.

Ayurveda classifies PCOS as a kapha disorder, and by looking at the findings of modern medicine we can correlate the exhibiting features of the disease with the dosha responsible for the disorder. The organs responsible for reproduction in the female body are called artava dhatu. The channel that supplies, nourishes and enables the functional action of carrying the ovum to the uterus is called artavavaha srota. All three doshas play important and distinctive roles in the processes behind the female reproduction which includes the ovarian cycle and the menstrual cycle.

Vata is responsible for movement of the follicle during the ovarian cycle, the rupture of the ovary wall releasing the matured ovum, the movement of the fimbriae – the finger like projections that guide the ovum into the fallopian tubes and the movement of the ovum towards the uterus. These actions are due to apana vayu, the force behind downward movement from the navel down. Apana vayu is also responsible for the movement of menses during menstruation and the energy behind the downward movement of a baby through the birth canal during labour.

Due to vata and pitta being blocked in artava dhatu the other functions of both these doshas begin to become aggravated. Pitta aggravation at the level of bhrajaka pitta and ranjaka pitta manifests as acne and increased body hair. Menstrual problems manifest due to the aggravation of all three doshas but namely apana vayu.